Digital Collections

This link provided some information with regard to Australia’s efforts to recognize the creation of indigenous knowledge systems.

http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/gi_0199-7067717/Indigenous-digital-collections-Report.html  (accessed October 21, 2008).

 and the Australian Aboriginal Digital Library.

http://www.academicinfo.net/ausablibrary.html (accessed October 21, 2008).

and a discussion on the impact of technology on indigenous peoples.

http://www.ischool.utexas.edu/~vlibrary/edres/pathfinders/ajohnson/pathfinder.html (accessed October 21, 2008).

and the final report dated August 22, 2008 from Australia entitled “Australian Indigenous Digital Collections: First Generation Issues.”

http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/dspace/bitstream/2100/631/4/Aug%2023%20Final%20Report.pdf (accessed October 21, 2008).

Sullivan, Robert. 2002. Indigenous cultural and intellectual property rights. D-Lib Magazine. 8 (May), http://www.dlib.org/dlib/may02/sullivan/05sullivan.html (accessed October 21, 2008.

These seem to be the leading efforts when surfing the web for information with regard to indigenous archiving efforts outside the United States.

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Bee, Robert. 2008. The importance of perserving paper-based artifacts in a digital age.  Library Quarterly 78 (April): 179-94.

This article  highlights the importance of preserving paper based artifacts in the digital age.   In considering digital collections of an indigenous nature,  Bee notes that many cultures in America do not have direct passages, notes or a historical account of their cultures and societies self documented through paper.  However, most earlier accounts are derived from older print material from third party resources such as letters, newspapers or government records that aid in recapturing an era.   Often, the era may be defined by the type of paper utilized, aromas of the paper, notes written on a paper etc.  This article gives consideration in this digital age of the relevance of paper based artifacts.

Rodden, Kerry and Wood, Kenneth R. 2003. How do people manage their digital photographs? CHI: New Horizons, 5 (3): 409-416, http://delivery.acm.org/10.1145/650000/642682/p409-rodden.pdf?key1=642682&key2=8307293221&coll=GUIDE&dl=GUIDE&CFID=6121401&CFTOKEN=99329647 (accessed October 13, 2008)

I know one of our classmates discussed making a digital collection of her own family photographs.  This article caught my attention because I remembered someone saying they were going to do that.   The study was based on two research questions.  1) How to do people organise and browse their collections of digital photos, and how do their practices comnpare to those used for their non-digital collections; and 2) Is advanced multimedia processing (speech recognition and content-based image retrieval) useful in the context of personal photo collections?

I found it interesting the individuals they observed kept their non-digital collections in the original packets in chronological order. (I do this!)  However, once you get a group of people looking at your photos, they often end up mixed up, in different packets, and end up in no no order at all.   With digital photos, some of the individuals imported them in but these pictures might have covered several different events.   

The interesing fact is digital or not, both participants didn’t seem to overall put any more effort in organizaing for either method.  A collection is useful dependent on proper cataloging and the ability to index in a manner that you could easily retrieve information…….ah sound familiar?

I just read an article in the Chronicle of Higher Education that has serious implications for digital archiving.  This article falls in line with my paper. 

Ashburn, Elyse. 2008. Younger Americans are no longer gaining in education level, report says. The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 9, http://chronicle.com/daily/2008/10/4954n.htm (accessed October 9 and 10, 2008).

Ashburn’s article is a report on the current minority generation breaking the trend of increasing education levels for each successive minority generation.   Ashburn highlights the American Council on Education’s Minorities in Higher Education report which extracts figures from reports released last month by the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics and the U.S. Census Bureau.

The primary issue in this article is the changing demographics of the minority population in the United States.   Minority populations, especially Hispanic Americans, are growing at a faster rate than the overall population.   (Hispanic Americans account for twenty percent of young Americans.)  

Although her article highlights education, the impacts of changing minority demographics in the United States could change not only how collections are built but how they are utilized.   As I read this article and really thought about what the numbers mean, I realize although information has been in front of us for years, have we been paying attention?   The numbers are only going to increase.   The importance of indigenous protocols is apparent.

Bibliographic instruction and information literacy programs are going to be serious business within the next five years.    Knowledge and information professionals will have to hone their skills for a more diverse group of patrons.

At this time, I am reflecting on the information gathered and readings in class.   Learning about the history of libraries and the subsequent use of technology for storage and retrieval of text documents, images and multimedia storage made me realize putting a collection together is not an easy thing to do.   Since most of my experience has been as a “user” of archived information, my main concern was “Why is this like this?”  or “Why can’t they do this?”   Sometimes, it is not a subjective decision on limiting a presentation but ostacles in how it can be presented.

Lesk talks about multimedia storage and retrieval still a work in process.   How can you define the sound and what uniform key words or phrases to use?  Music is a good example.  Who determines what is rock or country?  Today’s music is blending across many categories.   As I look ahead, subsequent chapters in Lesk will cover Usability and Retrieval Evaluation, User Needs and Collections and Preservations just to highlight a few.

http://www.clir.org/PUBS/reports/pub106/pub106.pdf#page=42  I thought this provided some interesting information and to look at the various changes made to archiving as technology has improved over the years.

http://www.archives.govt.nz/

This link was provided by Dr. White as an example of a different perspective on the importance of archiving and ideas about indigenous aspects presented at that level.  I noticed the Maori research project has presence at this level.

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  • None
  • Little Axe: Your welcome.
  • Little Axe: Well, hope it has useful information in one place.
  • Little Axe: I forgot where I got that information. I know it compiles a lot of references and relevant topics for my paper. Glad you found it interesting! :D